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  • Iron Guard

    Iron Guard

    • 9786130277598
    39,00 €
    The Iron Guard is the name most commonly given to a far- right movement and political party in Romania in the period from 1927 into the early part of World War II. The Iron Guard was ultra-nationalist, antisemitic and fascist in character. Originally founded by Corneliu Zelea Codreanu on July 24, 1927 as the Legion of the Archangel Michael ("Legiunea Arhanghelul Mihail"), and led by him until Codreanu's death in 1938, adherents to the movement continued to be widely referred to as "legionnaires" (sometimes "legionaries"; Romanian: legionarii) and the organization as the "Legion" or the "Legionary Movement" ("Miscarea Legionara"), despite various changes of the (intermittently banned) organization's name. In March 1930 Codreanu formed the "Iron Guard" ("Garda de Fier") as a paramilitary political branch of the Legion; this name eventually came to refer to the Legion itself. Later, in June 1935, the Legion changed its official name to the "Totul pentru Tara" party, literally "Everything for the Country", but commonly translated as "Everything for the Fatherland" or occasionally "Everything for the Motherland".
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