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    Intelligence, Genes, and Success
    Intelligence, Genes, and Success

    Intelligence, Genes, and Success

    • 9780387949864
    39,54 €
    InhaltsangabeI Overview.- 1 Reexamining The Bell Curve.- The Bell Curve'sArgument.- The History of the Argument.- Our Response to The Bell Curve.- 2 A Synopsis of The Bell Curve.- The Emergence of a Cognitive Elite.- Cognitive Classes and Social Behavior.- The National Context.- Living Together.- II The Genetics-Intelligence Link.- 3 Of Genes and IQ.- Inheritance versus Heritability.- Estimating the Heritability of IQ.- Social Implications.- Epilogue.- Appendix: Model for Bayesian Meta-Analysis of IQ Studies.- 4 The Malleability of Intelligence Is Not Constrained by Heritability.- Heritability.- Heritability and Plasticity.- Plasticity of Intelligence.- Heritability as Impediment.- 5 Racial and Ethnic Inequalities in Health: Environmental, Psychosocial, and Physiological Pathways.- Black/White Differences in Morbidity and Mortality.- Racial/Ethnic Differences in Infectious Disease: The Case of Tuberculosis.- A Life-History Approach to Health Outcomes: The Wisconsin Longitudinal Study.- Physiological Substrates: The Character of the Current Knowledge Base.- Discussion.- III Intelligence and the Measurement of IQ.- 6 Theoretical and Technical Issues in Identifying a Factor of General Intelligence.- Is There a g? A Brief History.- Concrete Example of a Factorial Dataset.- Exploratory Factor Analysis of the Sample Dataset.- Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Sample Dataset.- Justifying a General Factor.- Evidence from Selected Datasets.- The Holzinger and Swineford Dataset.- The Hakstian and Cattell Dataset.- The Wothke et al. Dataset.- Conclusions and Final Comment.- 7 The Concept and Utility of Intelligence.- A Very Brief History of Intelligence Tests.- What Is Intelligence? The Psychometric Evidence.- The Revisionist Position: An Alternative Approach to Intelligence.- Implications for Public Policy.- IV Intelligence and Success: Reanalyses of Data from the NLSY.- 8 Cognitive Ability, Wages, and Meritocracy.- Is Ability Unidimensional?.- The Wage Premium for Ability.- Conclusions.- 9 The Hidden Gender Restriction: The Need for Proper Controls When Testing for Racial Discrimination.- Earnings Analysis inThe Bell Curve.- Controlling for Gender: Testing Implied Restrictions.- Detecting Discrimination.- A Standard Wage Function.- The Racial Wage Gap in the Standard Wage Function.- Conclusions.- 10 Does Staying in School Make You Smarter? The Effect of Education on IQ in The Bell Curve.- Methods and Data.- Previous Research.- Reanalysis of the Herrnstein-Murray Model.- Conclusions.- 11 Cognitive Ability, Environmental Factors, and Crime: Predicting Frequent Criminal Activity.- Method.- Variables.- Logit Model: Interpretation.- Logit Model: Evaluation.- Conclusions.- 12 Social Statistics and Genuine Inquiry: Reflections on The Bell Curve.- Varieties of Pseudo-Science.- The Aims of Inquiry.- Reliability and Social Theory.- Algorithmic Social Science.- Factor Analysis and The Bell Curve.- Regression andThe Bell Curve.- Scientific Search.- Conclusions.- V The Bell Curve and Public Policy.- 13 A "Head Start" in What Pursuit? IQ Versus Social Competence as the Objective of Early Intervention.- The Nation Declares War on Poverty.- The Environmental Mystique.- Evaluations of Cognitive Benefits.- The Broader Picture.- Attempts to Measure Social Competence.- Improving Programs for At-Risk Children.- 14 Is There a Cognitive Elite in America?.- The Evil Elite.- Origin of Species.- Who Is Really Elite?.- 15 Science, Public Policy, and The Bell Curve.- Science: The Genetics-Intelligence Link.- Science: Intelligence and the Measurement of IQ.- Science: Analyzing the Outcomes Data.- Genetics, Race, and IQ.- Public Policy.- Conclusions.- Contributor Biographies.- Author Index.
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